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pronouns

In the English Grammar Profile, there are many points dealing with basic pronouns at the A1 level. 1 ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘we’ and ‘they’ in the subject position before a verb in statements. 2 ‘it’ before ‘be’ to refer to a first-person speaker or writer.  “It’s me.” 3 ‘it’ as a direct object …

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I am asking | wanting (polite)

C2 English Grammar Profile point 38 in the category of PRESENT/continuous is defined as: POLITENESS: with verbs that are not usually used in this form to make statements and requests sound less direct. EXAMPLES: I am asking us to use our power to choose. I am asking us to level up. TED We are asking businesses not to produce and consumers not to go out and consume. TED An iWeb search for I|We am|are asking|wanting * …

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Could you possibly?

Point 101 in MODALITY/adverbs is defined: ‘could’ + subject + ‘possibly’ to make requests more polite *This is a very rare structure across corpora for a B1 structure.  This point overlaps the more common and general: B1 questions with adverbs: Could you possibly tell me how to fix this? An iWeb search for: . Could I|you possibly * 1 . COULD YOU POSSIBLY TELL …

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himself | herself | myself | yourself

There are three very similar B1 points in the English Grammar Profile in the Category of PRONOUNS/singular reflexive Point 45 is defined as: ‘myself’, ‘yourself’, ‘himself’ and ‘herself’ after prepositions where the object of the preposition is the same as the subject of the verb. Point 65 is: ‘myself’, ‘yourself’, ‘himself’ and ‘herself’ for emphasis. …

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phrase + OR + phrase ? (alternative question)

Point 22 in the category of QUESTIONS is defined as: alternative questions with two phrases combined with ‘or’. If we follow the patterns in the EGP examples and search in iWeb with them: or _I _A _NN ? 1 OR IN THE FUTURE? 152 EXAMPLE: 3 missguided.co.uk Where can we see you perform next or in the future? 2 OR OVER THE PHONE? …

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will | shall (long-term intention)

C2 point 67 in the category of FUTURE simple is defined as: ‘will’ or ‘shall’ to talk about long-term intentions. *There is quite a bit of romantic sentiment to this grammar point.  ‘I will always love you, and I will never leave you.’ The only way to differentiate this point from others is ‘I’ or …

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VERB + ADVERB + PREPOSITION ‘go directly to’

B2 English Grammar Profile point 51 in the category of VERBS/prepositional is defined as: adverb between the verb and the preposition For example: George says the piston’s going to go right through the block any minute now. listen   Alex, maybe if everything goes well with the paintings, Victor and I will tour and we could visit you in New York. listen An iWeb search for _VV *ly_R _II 1 GO DIRECTLY TO 17903 We‘re gonna go directly to the airport and get a plane. listen 2 BASED SOLELY ON 13229 We can’t work based solely on rumour, can we? …

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verb + preposition + object

Point 4 in VERBS/prepositional A1 is defined as: limited range of prepositional verbs followed by noun or pronoun objects. The examples in the EGP: listen_VV0 to_II music_NN1 look_VVI after_II her_PPHO1 look_VVI for_IF mushrooms_NN2 Point 31 at B1 is the same as above except: “increasing range”. *There is no other higher-level for this.  And really this …

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like | want (verb pattern)

Let’s look at the like and ‘want verb pattern’.  They are different because  ‘like’ can be followed by to-infinitve or Verb-ing.   ‘want’ is only followed by the to-infinitive.  For example: “I like using the internet” or “I like to use the internet.” have the same meaning.  “I want to use the internet.” is correct, but …

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10 ways ‘FAR’ is used in English grammar.

Here are 10 ways ‘far’ is used ranked by order of frequency: 1. A2 general adverb *Numbers on the right are the frequency in iWeb corpus: (RR) 1578722 ‘far‘ means ‘at, to or from a great distance in space or time‘  For example: Is it far away? I don’t live far from here. Thailand is not far from Vietnam. 2. B1 phrase ‘so far‘ means ‘until now‘ So far …

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if | when | so | while + SUBORDINATE CLAUSE

Here’s a simple subordinating conjunction ‘if’ in a sentence: If you would like to see me again, then give me a call. listen The only point for A2 CONJUNCTIONS is point 8, which is defined as: a limited range of simple subordinating conjunctions ‘(if, when, so, while)’ to introduce a subordinate clause. WHILE The conjunction ‘while’ is also listed at B2 in the …

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Inversion in clauses with conditions and formality

Here are examples of subject – auxiliary verb inversion replacing the usual ‘if’: Had I known what was inside, I would have smoked it. Listen   Should you desire, I can provide character references. Listen   Were I allowed to defend myself, I could have proven this to you. context This is another post that points at overlapping points on the English Grammar Profile.  Parts of two points are worded differently but basically locate the same structure for “should” starting a sentence.  …

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