decided

present perfect simple negative + YET

Point 13 in the category of PAST is defined: present perfect simple negative with ‘yet’ to talk about events which are expected to be completed at some point in the future. 1 HAS N’T HAPPENED YET 1853 2 HAVE N’T SEEN YET 777 3 HAVEN’T DECIDED YET 699 PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: I haven’t decided yet, but maybe I will buy a snowboard here and try the …

present perfect simple negative + YET Read More »

present perfect simple (range)

There is no listing in the English Grammar Profile for a ‘wide‘ range of main verbs with present perfect simple.  So, here’s an expert example of present perfect simple using academic collocation: In the course of my professional life, I have acquired knowledge and manual skill.    (linotype.com) Here are some general range points in the English Grammar Profile in the category of …

present perfect simple (range) Read More »

ordering past events

Point 35 in the category of PAST is defined: past simple to order sequences of events in the past, in the context of narratives. PELIC STUDENT EXAMPLE: I looked at the sheet and thought about it and then I continued following my sheet. When I noticed that I should have arrived, I called my brother and he told me that I had the wrong directions. Arabic male, level 5 grammar class. Two of the EGP examples use ‘and then’ while one only uses ‘and’ to connect past …

ordering past events Read More »

 SO + adjective + that CLAUSE

Point 83 in CLAUSES/comparatives  is defined as:  ‘so’ + adjective + ‘that’ clause. An iWeb search for: so _J that * * 1 SO GLAD THAT I DID 776 2 SO HAPPY THAT I FOUND 449 3 SO GLAD THAT YOU ARE 424 4 SO GLAD THAT I FOUND 419 5 SO CONFIDENT THAT YOU …

 SO + adjective + that CLAUSE Read More »

said | told * that + CLAUSE (tense shift)

Point 8 in REPORTED SPEECH is defined as: report statements using a reporting clause with ‘say’ or ‘tell’ + ‘that-‘clause, with a pronoun and tense shift where relevant *At A2 students can already use ‘said’ or ‘tell’ with a pronoun shift.  Therefore, we might surmise that at B1 it must include a tense shift.  There …

said | told * that + CLAUSE (tense shift) Read More »

DIRECT SPEECH (initial or end position)

The following two B1 points are only different in the order. Point 4 in REPORTED SPEECH is defined as: DIRECT SPEECH, REPORTING CLAUSE, INITIAL POSITION: report speech and thought directly, using the reporting verb before the reporting clause Point 9 is END POSITION: report speech and thought directly using the reporting verb after the reporting …

DIRECT SPEECH (initial or end position) Read More »

second & third conditonal

Here is another post of some overlapping and clashing grammar points from different categories in the EGP.  B1 point 72 clashes with the a general definition at C1. B1 Point 42 in the category of CLAUSES is defined as: ‘IF’ + PAST SIMPLE + WOULD, FUTURE, (SECOND CONDITIONAL) imagined situation, often in the context of …

second & third conditonal Read More »