CC

and | but | or | because

A1 points 1-7 in the English Grammar Profile are listed as: single word conjunctions (‘and, but, or’): to connect single nouns and adjectives. to combine phrases, clauses, and sentences. ‘and’ and ‘or’ before the final item in a list. ‘but’ to add unexpected contrast. ‘because’ as a subordinating conjunction to introduce a subordinate clause. An …

and | but | or | because Read More »

phrase ellipsis

Here’s a student example of verb phrase ellipsis: You need to study hard to pass the test unless you don’t want to. PELIC Arabic female level 4 grammar class Although there are a number of grammar points in the English Grammar Profile to do with Ellipsis, there are none that cover the ellipsis of phrases before or after the ‘TO’ infinitive.  Therefore, we turn to Pearson’s GSE …

phrase ellipsis Read More »

plus

The use of the conjunction ‘plus’ is covered at two different B1 grammar points in the EGP. Point 14 in CONJUNCTIONS/coordinating is defined as: ‘PLUS’ WITH NOUNS often in relation to numbers. Point 12 is: ‘plus’ to connect clauses and sentences, often to point out a positive addition or advantage. *The word ‘plus’ is difficult …

plus Read More »

COMBINING CLAUSES OF THE SAME TYPE

In the English Grammar Profile, B1 point 50 in the category of CLAUSES is defined as: combine clauses of the same type, main or subordinate, finite or non-finite, with conjunctions. *This is difficult to interpret exactly because at A1, students can omit the subject after ‘and’ or ‘or’. We can start by looking at the structure of …

COMBINING CLAUSES OF THE SAME TYPE Read More »

listing adjectives + ellipted clauses

There are two similar points at C2 for listing adjectives. Point 76 at C2 in ADJECTIVES/combining is defined as: list of adjectives in ellipted clauses before and after a noun, to give focus. The EGP examples contain: Imaginative_JJ , good-humoured_JJ , friendly_JJ , he_PPHS1 was_VBDZ … The_AT latter_DA fat_JJ ,_, ugly_JJ and_CC sick_JJ blows_VVZ … …

listing adjectives + ellipted clauses Read More »

adverbial phrases with ‘AND’

The second most common word in English is ‘AND’  which is usually a conjunction.  It’s also used in complex adverbial phrases: and so on (A2 in the English Vocabulary Profile) I need you to help me with my bags and so on. listen TIME AND AGAIN (unlisted in the EVP) I‘ve told you fellas time and again, this haka won’t work until you get the first action right! listen BY AND LARGE (C1) The men who work for PointCorp, the men you dishonour by calling them mercenaries are,  by and large, retired American military personnel. listen BY …

adverbial phrases with ‘AND’ Read More »

Both and

In the English Grammar Profile, B2 point 17 in CONJUNCTIONS/coordinating is defined as: ‘BOTH AND’ to combine phrases and clauses, often for emphasis. For example: You come up with this framework to guide the way through both the story and the data. Listen   In the iWeb corpus we can run up to 4 wildcards with different combinations: ‘both * * and * *’   1 BOTH MEN AND WOMEN …

Both and Read More »

And yet

In the English Grammar Profile ‘and yet’ or ‘yet’ is listed at C2 Point 24 in CONJUNCTIONS “CONCESSIVE to combine sentences, often unexpected” C1 Point 20 in CONJUNCTIONS coordinating CONCESSIVE ‘(and) yet’ to combine phrases and clauses to introduce a contrast, often unexpected. In the English Vocabulary Profile, ‘yet’ as a conjunction is listed as: …

And yet Read More »