allowed

not even

‘not even’ can be used to emphasize that something is not true or didn’t happen. It’s B1 in the English Vocabulary Profile. Here are the collocates of ‘not even’ in the movie corpus: 1 CLOSE 443 It‘s not even close! listen 2 YET 398 3 ANYMORE 215 I‘m not even allowed to swim with her anymore. listen 4 SUPPOSED 164 5 ANYONE 133 …

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used not to

The following rare student writing example shows how ‘used not to’ expresses modality: Also when I was younger, I used not to be allowed to drink coffee. PELIC Korean female level 3 grammar class. It sounds more natural to say: “I didn’t use to be allowed to drink coffee.” *In other words, she did not have permission to drink coffee.  Although now she is an adult and can. Point 227 …

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present simple passive negative

B1 Point 10 in the category of PASSIVES is defined as: PRESENT SIMPLE, NEGATIVE + range of pronoun and noun subjects *although ‘range of subjects’ is mentioned above, there is no entry for present simple negative elsewhere. There is no way to automatically check whether  these might actually be C1: ‘it’ with the passive voice …

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DIRECT SPEECH (initial or end position)

The following two B1 points are only different in the order. Point 4 in REPORTED SPEECH is defined as: DIRECT SPEECH, REPORTING CLAUSE, INITIAL POSITION: report speech and thought directly, using the reporting verb before the reporting clause Point 9 is END POSITION: report speech and thought directly using the reporting verb after the reporting …

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BEING

The word ‘being’ is most often used as a verb, but also a noun (human being) and in a time adverbial phrase (for the time being). 1 BEING a search in NOW corpus for: * * _VBG * * 1 ADDRESS BEFORE BEING ALLOWED TO 32061 At least, you didn’t require readers to log in with an email address before being allowed to read it! brownsnation.com 2 COOKIES FROM BEING SET …

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had not been + PAST PARTICIPLE

In the English Grammar Profile, B2 point 17 in the category of PASSIVES is defined as: PAST PERFECT passive SIMPLE negative form. A search on iWeb corpus for had _xx been _vvn The most common in ranking order are: SEEN, MADE, GIVEN, USED, PAID, TOLD, and TAKEN. Ranked 9 is ‘HAD NOT BEEN INFORMED’   …

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BE + able | allowed + to

This is another post about overlapping grammar points in the English Grammar Profile. B1 point 76 in MODALITY: ‘BE ALLOWED TO’, PERMISSION B1 point 99 in Modality and expressions with be is defined as: a limited range of expressions with ‘be’ + infinitive (‘be allowed to’, ‘be supposed to’, ‘be able to’) with present and …

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Inversion in clauses with conditions and formality

Here are examples of subject – auxiliary verb inversion replacing the usual ‘if’: Had I known what was inside, I would have smoked it. Listen   Should you desire, I can provide character references. Listen   Were I allowed to defend myself, I could have proven this to you. context This is another post that points at overlapping points on the English Grammar Profile.  Parts of two points are worded differently but basically locate the same structure for “should” starting a sentence.  …

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