after

time and sequencing adverbs

‘now’ is an adverb that refers to the timing of an event.  For example: A boss like that? Now I am green with envy. listen There are a few overlapping points in the category of ADVERBS as modifiers at A2 in the English Grammar Profile. Point 25: SEQUENCING: a limited range of adverbs and adverb phrases (‘first’, ‘then’, ‘after that’) …

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LINKING ADVERBS / SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS

In the English Grammar Profile, A2 point 19 in the category of ADVERBS is defined as: LINKING limited range of adverbs (‘also’, ‘so’, ‘however’) to show a relationship between two clauses or sentences. The EGP examples: I_PPIS1 also_RR bought_VVD ,_, so_CS I_PPIS1 decided_VVD However_RR ,_, the_AT clothes_NN2 were_VBDR cheap_JJ ._. Point in 2 A2 DISCOURSE …

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(time conjunction) + past perfect continuous

In the English Grammar Profile, B2 point 67 in the category of PAST is defined as: past perfect continuous after a time conjunction to give background information. For example: This was just a few months after Ebola had been terrifying the world. listen 1 AFTER IT HAD BEEN SITTING 46   WOAI She and her stepfather restored the bike themselves after it had …

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After + having | being + PAST PARTICIPLE

Let’s explain some examples of the grammar structure: ‘after being pp‘ and ‘after having pp‘: After being told these stories, I started thinking.                         (psychic-experiences.com) I moved back to India after having spent six years in the US.  (indix.com) Firstly, ‘after’ is a preposition before a complement ‘verb-ing’ clause.  For example, …

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