Here’s an example of the preposition ‘after’ complemented by a non-finite perfect form of the passive ‘having been p.p.’ Roughly a month and a half after having been laid, the surviving eggs hatch. Listen In the English Grammar Profile, there are two similar C2 points in the category of passives: Point 38: non-finite ‘-ing’ perfect forms of the passive as the complement of prepositions. Point …

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IN THAT (conjunction)

The complex conjunction ‘in that‘ means ‘for the reason that’. ‘in that’ introduces more specific information about the previous clause.  For example:   ESPN It’s quite a strange sport in that it is a team sport but also an individual sport. C2 point 26 in CONJUNCTIONS is defined as: ‘IN THAT’ as a subordinating conjunction, to give greater in-depth explanation, often in formal contexts. An iWeb search for in_C …

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BECAUSE + past perfect simple

In the English Grammar Profile, B2 point 59 in the category of PAST is defined: past perfect simple AFTER ‘BECAUSE’ giving explanatory information. Here are examples of past perfect simple used to give explanations. Someone even wiped away tears because she had done it,  she had connected them to information differently, she helped them see something they couldn’t unsee. TED Vicky called because her husband had suddenly collapsed in the hallway of their home. TED     A search in iWeb for because _P had _VVN 1 BECAUSE I HAD HEARD …

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