Category: B2

would (habitual past)

B2 point 160 in MODALITY is defined as: ‘would’ to talk about habitual actions and events in the past It formally overlaps A2 point 26 in MODALITY: ‘would’ to talk about imagined situations. Looking in iWeb corpus manually for collocates of ‘every’ ‘time‘ with ‘would’ is 1 in 5 on the usage: ..note, my mom […]

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should (ellipsis)

Point 159 in MODALITY and ELLIPSIS is defined as: ‘should’ and ‘shouldn’t’ without a following verb where the previous main verb is understood *click here for the interactive word tree of this grammar point. A search on iWeb for the cluster: * * * * should . B1 vocabulary: familiar, seriously, B2: efficiently function 1 […]

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can (general truths)

Point 154 in the category of MODALITY is defined as: ‘can’ for GENERAL TRUTHS AND TENDENCIES It cannot be found automatically since it depends on manual interpretation of the usage.  We can attempt to do to search in corpora is to match some of the formal elements found preceding ‘can.’ Some_DD young_JJ people_NN can_VM feel_VVI […]

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may adverb

Point 150 in the category of MODALITY is defined as: ‘may’ with an increasing range of adverbs (most commonly ‘even’, ‘only’, ‘already’, ‘never’, ‘just’, ‘sometimes’) in the normal mid-position after the modal verb. An iWeb search for: may_v _r _vvi 1 MAY ALSO WANT 20903 2 MAY ALSO USE 13170 3 MAY ALSO NEED 11981 […]

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must not

The negative form of ‘must’ in the category of MODALITY appears at two levels. Point 21 is A2 and just general form. Point 149 is B2 and is defined: USE: RULES negative forms of ‘must’ to talk about what is not permitted. must _x _vvi 1 MUST NOT EXCEED 5621 2 MUST NOT USE 3904 […]

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must ?

Two points in the category of Modality at B2 are practically the same. Point 147 is: ‘must’ the question form. Point 161 is: ‘must’ to ask about obligation and necessity. An iWeb cluster search for must * * * * ? 1 MUST BE GOOD , RIGHT ? 84 2 MUST BE TRUE , RIGHT […]

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may … but

Point 146 in MODALITY for OPINIONs is defined as: ‘may’ … ‘but’ to express an unexpected point of view. A search on iWeb corpus for may * * * * but 1 MAY NOT REALIZE IT, BUT 788   Journal Advocate ACUPUNCTURE/CHIROPRACTIC: Brain-Based Therapies Can Help Alleviate Migraine Pain A patient may not realize it, […]

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must have past participle

There are essentially the same two points in the category of Modality at B2 for the same form. Point 144 is defined as: DEDUCTIONS AND CONCLUSIONS: perfect form of ‘must’ to make deductions about the past. and point 166: PAST AFFIRMATIVE must have’ + ‘-ed’. A search on iWeb for must have _vvn 1 MUST […]

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