should

should

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In this post, we cover 6 points dealing with ‘should’ across A2 and B1 by examining the English Grammar Profile examples for formal similarities that might help us identify complexity in corpora.  A2 can be summarised as: you|we should _VVI and the infinitives are all A1.  For B1 it is more complex.  We started by searching for a time word through collocations to the right of ‘should be’: should be _NNT (not successfully!) and also nouns or indefinite pronouns as subjects: _NN should and _PN should.  At the end of this research, like most other overlapping points based on usage, the best way to capture higher complexity automatically is by the vocabulary it is used with.

EGP

A2 Verbs

21 increasing range of modal auxiliary verbs.

we_PPIS2 should_VM go_VVI

*this point also covers ‘might’

A2 MODALITY

16  affirmative form.

You_PPY should_VM come_VVI
we_PPIS2 should_VM go_VVI.
We_PPIS2 should_VM buy_VVI

19 ADVICE

you_PPY should_VM buy_VVI
you_PPY should_VM bring_VVI
You_PPY should_VM take_VVI

46 SUGGESTIONS

we_PPIS2 should_VM meet_VVI

you_PPY should_VM meet_VV
You_PPY should_VM bring_VVI


B1 MODALITY

62 LIKELIHOOD – talk about what is likely to happen.

It_PPH1 should_VM be_VBI a_AT1 good_JJ day_NNT1 !_!
we_PPIS2 should_VM be_VBI able_JK to_TO visit_VVI the_AT beaches_NN2 and_CC go_VVI sightseeing_NN1 in_II the_AT evenings_NNT2 ._.

*The second example is already B1 because of ‘be able to

86 – talk about ideal or desired situations.

people_NN should_VM eat_VVI
everyone_PN1 should_VM learn_VVI

 


 

iWeb:

1 YOU SHOULD SEE 56402
2 YOU SHOULD KNOW 50190
3 YOU SHOULD CONSIDER 43714
4 YOU SHOULD USE 38991
5 YOU SHOULD GET 34945
6 YOU SHOULD TAKE 34210
7 YOU SHOULD TRY 30688
8 YOU SHOULD CHECK 29413
9 YOU SHOULD MAKE 24712
10 YOU SHOULD GO 19880
11 YOU SHOULD LOOK 19764
12 YOU SHOULD CONTACT 18285
13 YOU SHOULD KEEP 15968
14 YOU SHOULD START 14817
15 YOU SHOULD FIND 14431
16 YOU SHOULD AVOID 14093
17 YOU SHOULD EXPECT 13727
18 YOU SHOULD ASK 13222
19 YOU SHOULD READ 11803
20 YOU SHOULD GIVE 9547
21 YOU SHOULD CONSULT 9393
22 YOU SHOULD FEEL 8997
23 YOU SHOULD CHOOSE 8579
24 YOU SHOULD THINK 8475
25 YOU SHOULD BUY 7561
26 YOU SHOULD RECEIVE 7559
27 YOU SHOULD FOLLOW 7426
28 WE SHOULD TAKE 7242
29 WE SHOULD EXPECT 7208
30 YOU SHOULD SEEK 6980
31 YOU SHOULD ADD 6838
32 WE SHOULD SEE 6439
33 YOU SHOULD PUT 6426
34 WE SHOULD GET 6365
35 YOU SHOULD PAY 5940
36 YOU SHOULD CALL 5927
37 YOU SHOULD STOP 5791
38 YOU SHOULD FOCUS 5573
39 YOU SHOULD INCLUDE 5494
40 WE SHOULD GO 5376
41 YOU SHOULD APPLY 5292
42 YOU SHOULD TALK 5028
43 YOU SHOULD SET 5013
44 WE SHOULD MAKE 5002
45 YOU SHOULD ENSURE 4936
46 YOU SHOULD VISIT 4886
47 YOU SHOULD UNDERSTAND 4715
48 WE SHOULD LOOK 4696
49 WE SHOULD TRY 4694
50 WE SHOULD USE 4563
51 YOU SHOULD AIM 4522
52 WE SHOULD KNOW 4521
53 YOU SHOULD CHANGE 4387
54 YOU SHOULD LEARN 4353
55 YOU SHOULD WRITE 4327
56 YOU SHOULD NOTE 4194
57 YOU SHOULD EAT 4133
58 YOU SHOULD LEAVE 4084
59 YOU SHOULD PLAN 4021
60 YOU SHOULD REVIEW 4010
61 YOU SHOULD NOTICE 3887
62 WE SHOULD START 3844
63 YOU SHOULD SPEND 3838
64 YOU SHOULD COME 3829
65 WE SHOULD CONSIDER 3772
66 YOU SHOULD CREATE 3769
67 YOU SHOULD WATCH 3750
68 YOU SHOULD LET 3733
69 YOU SHOULD BRING 3652
70 YOU SHOULD DISCUSS 3637
71 YOU SHOULD REMEMBER 3634
72 YOU SHOULD CONTINUE 3556
73 YOU SHOULD WORK 3552
74 YOU SHOULD WAIT 3482
75 YOU SHOULD RUN 3453
76 YOU SHOULD STAY 3371
77 WE SHOULD KEEP 3365
78 YOU SHOULD HEAR 3320
79 YOU SHOULD TELL 3311
80 YOU SHOULD SELECT 3232
81 WE SHOULD GIVE 3199
82 YOU SHOULD BEGIN 3003
83 YOU SHOULD SPEAK 2993
84 YOU SHOULD SEND 2939
85 YOU SHOULD WEAR 2887
86 YOU SHOULD PROVIDE 2833
87 WE SHOULD REMEMBER 2806
88 YOU SHOULD PICK 2798
89 YOU SHOULD SAY 2793
90 WE SHOULD NOTE 2741
91 YOU SHOULD ALLOW 2641
92 YOU SHOULD REMOVE 2598
93 YOU SHOULD END 2552
94 WE SHOULD ASK 2448
95 WE SHOULD THINK 2428
96 YOU SHOULD DRINK 2419
97 WE SHOULD STOP 2349
98 YOU SHOULD REPLACE 2348
99 YOU SHOULD MOVE 2292
100 YOU SHOULD INVEST 2287


Unfortunately, iWeb does not allow a search for time tokens to ‘should be’ directly, so here we again copy our EGP examples to be more specific:

should be _A *

1 SHOULD BE THE SAME 10285

_NNT collocates up to 5 spaces to the right:

1 TIME 101 *these examples didn’t match the ‘B1 likelihood’.
2 DAY 37
3 YEAR 17
4 YEARS 14
5 WEEK 12

This is an example of how ambiguous it is to try to locate ‘likelihood’ for this grammar point.  This is from a PELIC student:

Chinese,Female,4,g To my next ELI semester mates:
First of all, you must be very curio[u]s of the English Language Institute classes here, and may want to know how the student life is. For me, in [the] summer term here, I have had a lot of fun of studying with my classmates and teachers and got many experience[s] in Pittsburgh. The important thing is I ought to speak English more instead of speaking my native language, Mandarin. For you guys, that should be the same thing. I guess you might want to promote your speaking skill in English. Please try to speak more English with the native speakers in America. As a result of months later, you will have acquired more than what you want.

 

2 SHOULD BE THE FIRST 5528
3 SHOULD BE A GOOD 5208
4 SHOULD BE NO MORE 3457
5 SHOULD BE YOUR FIRST 3046
6 SHOULD BE NO SURPRISE 3038
7 SHOULD BE A PRIORITY 2926
8 SHOULD BE THE ONE 2871
9 SHOULD BE A PART 2850
10 SHOULD BE NO PROBLEM 2844

should be _J *

1 SHOULD BE ABLE TO 233167
2 SHOULD BE AWARE OF 23786
3 SHOULD BE AWARE THAT 17711
4 SHOULD BE FINE . 13487
5 SHOULD BE EASY TO 8211
6 SHOULD BE POSSIBLE TO 5870
7 SHOULD BE FAMILIAR WITH 5395
8 SHOULD BE READY TO 5395
9 SHOULD BE GOOD TO 4698
10 SHOULD BE PROUD OF 4219


_PN should _VVI

1 EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW 2222
2 WHO SHOULD KNOW 1843
3 WHO SHOULD ATTEND 1816
4 WHO SHOULD GET 1456
5 ONE SHOULD TAKE 1415
6 WHO SHOULD TAKE 1198
7 ONE SHOULD EXPECT 1175
8 ONE SHOULD USE 1111
9 EVERYONE SHOULD TRY 1064
10 WHO SHOULD USE 859
11 EVERYONE SHOULD TAKE 857
12 EVERYONE SHOULD GET 852
13 WHO SHOULD RECEIVE 811
14 EVERYONE SHOULD READ 782
15 WHO SHOULD PAY 781
16 ONE SHOULD CONSIDER 741
17 ONE SHOULD GO 721
18 SOMETHING SHOULD HAPPEN 646
19 ONE SHOULD KEEP 632
20 ONE SHOULD MAKE 598

_NN should _VVI

1 STUDENTS SHOULD CONTACT 2324
2 PEOPLE SHOULD KNOW 2150
3 CREDIT SHOULD READ 1859
4 STUDENTS SHOULD CONSULT 1718
5 STUDENTS SHOULD KNOW 1652
6 PLAN SHOULD INCLUDE 1279
7 APPLICANTS SHOULD SUBMIT 1149
8 STUDENTS SHOULD CHECK 1111
9 STUDENTS SHOULD TAKE 1100
10 PEOPLE SHOULD TAKE 1065
11 PROCESS SHOULD TAKE 1005
12 STUDENTS SHOULD EXPECT 852
13 STUDENTS SHOULD COMPLETE 851
14 PEOPLE SHOULD GET 836
15 INVESTORS SHOULD CONSIDER 795
16 STUDENTS SHOULD APPLY 774
17 WOMEN SHOULD AVOID 756
18 STUDENTS SHOULD SUBMIT 750
19 STUDENTS SHOULD CONSIDER 744
20 STUDENTS SHOULD USE 726

 

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Legal Notice: Copyright 2019. The online software, text report and research at EnglishGrammar.Pro has made use of the English Grammar Profile. This resource is based on extensive research using the Cambridge Learner Corpus and is part of the English Profile programme, which aims to provide evidence about language use that helps to produce better language teaching materials.